Brain injury is very difficult to detect with a physical exam alone. In some cases, patients with congenital heart-defects may suffer neurological injuries during the neonatal period. Unfortunately, many of those patients are asymptomatic. To correctly diagnose them, physicians need to perform brain magnetic resonance images (MRI) or electroencephalograms (EEG). The prevention of brain injury requires a better knowledge of the timing when adverse physiological events happen.
Our project proposes a multi-modal approach towards a non-invasive and multi-modal tool by combining two advanced photonics systems (fNIRS, DCS) with a quantitative electroencephalogram and a head-cap. It will allow us to obtain useful and multi-modal data for better understanding the origins of neuronal injury in congenital heart defects, by carrying out studies on an animal model and in clinical groups.